|Senate of the Esmeraldan Empire|
|Length of Term||5 years|
|Number of Members||100|
The Imperial Senate is a component of the government of the Esmeraldan Empire. The primary function of this body is to elect a government to oversee federal matters and interests, such as the military.
The Senate is a democratically elected body, consisting of 100 members known as Senators. Members are elected by simple plurality in each of the empire's electoral districts. Senators hold office until the Senate is dissolved and serve for limited terms of up to five years after an election.
The Emperor may choose to dissolve the Senate prior to this five year term.
Any citizen of the Esmeraldan Empire over the age of majority is eligible to seek election to the senate.
Both nobles and commoners are equally eligible to be elected to this legislature. However, in the case of high lords, Prefects and military personnel - they are required to abdicate their titles upon election. In some cases they are reclaim their former titles after serving their elected term and in other cases they are unable to.
Legislative Functions EditThe lower of the two houses making up the legislative arm of the government, the Senate in practice holds far more operational control than the upper house, the Curiate. Although the approval of both Houses is necessary for legislation. The Prime Minister stays in office only as long as he or she retains the support of the lower house. Only the Senate or the Emperor may introduce new legislation. Each member of the Senate receives and equal vote and a majority is required for any motion to be passed. The emperor retains a veto over any legislation passed by the legislative body.
The Senate formally elects the prime minister who must be a member of the Senate. The election must be ratified by the Imperial Chancellor. By convention, the Prime Minister is answerable to, and must maintain the support of, the Senate. Thus, whenever the office of Prime Minister falls vacant, the Chancellor is supposed to appoint the person most likely to command the support of the Senate—normally, the leader of the largest party in the Senate, although the system allows a coalition of two or more parties.
The Cabinet Edit
The Prime Minister is required to appoint members of the Senate to serve as Ministers of the Crown to oversee the various government ministries. Members of the Curiate are also eligible to be appointed as Ministers of the Crown. This group is known as the cabinet or executive body of government.
Electoral Districts Edit
The Senate has a limit of 100 seats. The electoral districts are re-evaluated and designated by the Curiate before each election.
The Senate was founded by King Labelle I in 4653 as a means to incorporate responsible government throughout the empire and to alleviate growing administrative problems.